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What Kind of Jobs Can I Get?

Arizona Employment First believes that people with disabilities should have control over the kinds of work they want to do. There are many different ways to work.

Competitive Integrated Employment

This type of work means:

  • You are hired and paid directly by their employer (not by a job agency or state program)
  • You work in your community
  • You work and interact with people with and without disabilities
  • The amount of time you work each week is based on your choices, wants, and needs
  • You are paid the same and work the same number of hours as workers without disabilities doing the same job.
  • You receive at least minimum wage and have the same access to benefits as workers without disabilities doing the same job
  • If you are self-employed, you make the same amount of money someone without a disability would be making doing the same work.


Work can look different for different people.

You can be:

  • Self-Employed: You have your own business and decide your own hours and job tasks
  • Employed by Others: You work for someone else, and your boss decides your hours and job tasks


You can also decide how much you would like to work.

Options include:

  • Full-time: Working full time means working about 40 hours a week. This usually means working 8 hours per day. These jobs often have benefits and perks that other jobs do not, such as health insurance and paid vacation.
  • Part-time: Working part time means working less than 35 hours per week. These kinds of jobs often do not have as many perks or benefits as full-time jobs.
  • If you are Self-Employed, you can decide how much you work. Working less means you will make less money.


Am I Working or In Training?

Sometimes, people who have disabilities take part in training programs before working. These programs can take place in the community or in segregated centers. They can be paid or unpaid. As a trainee, you learn work-related skills to prepare you for employment. Group-supported employment (enclaves) and centered-based employment (sheltered workshops) are examples of training. Training is not a permanent job. Training exists to help you prepare for work.

Employment is a job in your community. These jobs can be full-time or part-time. People who have disabilities and people who do not have disabilities:

  • Work together,
  • Get paid the same for doing the same job,
  • Get the same benefits.

Note: This information comes from the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (AHCCCS)



First Page of MOU

AZ Employment First MOU

Resource Description
This document is an agreement between representatives of organizations, agencies, and school districts across Arizona to implement the Arizona Employment First Strategic Plan. Signees include representatives from: Sonoran UCEDD Arizona Developmental Disabilities Planning Council Arizona Department of Economic Security/Division of Developmental Disabilities and Division of Employment and
Title Page of Employment First Strategic Plan. Employment First Logo with blue gears

AZ Employment First JOBS - Strategic Plan

Resource Description
This plan summarizes the key directions, strategies, next steps, and evaluation measures guiding Arizona Employment First. It was collaboratively written by the Arizona Employment First Core Team, which represent stakeholders from across the state. The strategic plan is also available in a text-only document.
Cover of Forum Report

AZ Employment First Community Forum Findings (September 2014)

Resource Description
In 2014, Arizona Employment First hosted six community forums with people from all over Arizona. Nearly 300 people from across the state participated. The comments and themes from these forums, summarized in this report, serve as the foundation for the Arizona Employment First strategic plan.
First page of WIOA Factsheet

WIOA Section 511

Resource Description
This Handout is Available as a PDF Handout, Easy Read Handout, Spanish Handout, and Text Only Are you paid less than minimum wage at your job (usually in a sheltered workshop* or an enclave*)? Are you under 24 and thinking about work that would pay you less than minimum wage? This handout explains how the Workforce Innovation Opportunity Act of 2014 effects you. Handout Text SIDE ONE: People 24
DES Logo with silhouettes of people holding hands above text reading DES Your Partner for a Stronger Arizona

Joint Guidance for Limitations on the Use of Subminimum Wage (AZ DES)

Resource Description
The Arizona Department of Economic Security issued this guidance to reflect Arizona's commitment to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (2014), which includes limiting work opportunities that pay less than minimum wage for people with disabilities. These work opportunities include centered-based work (i.e. sheltered workshops) and group-based employment (i.e. enclaves). Many organizations
Blue and orange gears under text reading A Better Bottom Line: Employment People with Disabilities blueprint for governors

A Better Bottom Line: Employing People with Disabilities / Blueprint for Governors

Resource Description
Published by the National Governors Association, this guide outlines the role state governments can play in tapping into the talent pool of people with disabilities. It provides strategies for supporting employers, preparing youth with disabilities for the workforce, increasing the number of people with disabilities working for the state government, and more.
Circular seal with Department of Education of the United States written on the outside and a tree on the inside

State Vocational Rehabilitation Services and State Supported Employment Services Programs Federal Fiscal Year 2019 Monitoring and Technical Assistance Guide

Resource Description
This guidance document from the US Department of Education provides an overview of the review process for all state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) and Supported Employment Services. VR and Supported Employment Services are reviewed based on their: Overall performance Financial management Pre-Employment Transition Services Implementation of WIOA joint provisions

The 2020 Federal Youth Transition Plan: A Federal Interagency Strategy

Resource Description
This report provides a vision, strategies, and goals for federal agencies to improve transition services for youth with disabilities and their families by 2020. They identified five goals, which include providing youth with disabilities equal opportunity to: Access health care and work-based services in high school Self-direct their plan for transition Be connected to programs, services, support,
Powerpoint slide reading Transition Assessment for Students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities Jim Martin and Lorrie Sylvester University of Oklahoma Zarrow Center Email Jim: Jemartin@ou.edu email lorrie: lorrieslydog@ou.edu web: http://www.ou.edu/education/centers-and-partnerships/zarrow

Transition Assessment for Students with Significant & Multiple Disabilities

Resource Description
This training from the Zarrow Center for Learning Enrichment at the University of Oklahoma provides guidance on developing assessments for students transitioning out of school, including assessments for independent living, career skills, and self-determination.
Blue stacked text reading National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability NCWD for Youth

Understanding the New Vision for Career Development: The Role of Family

Resource Description
"This Info Brief introduces families, including families of youth with disabilities, to a new way of looking at career development for youth. This brief discusses the three phases of career development, highlights Individualized Learning Plans as a tool for facilitating the career development process, and offers strategies on how families can be involved." (National Collaborative on Workforce and